The year 2021 appears to be a period of allergies. Pollen seasons are becoming longer and more intense as a result of climate change. In fact, nearly one out of six Americans suffer from seasonal allergies, often known as allergic rhinitis or hay fever.
The manifestations of the symptoms might range from minor to severe. Sneezing, itching, and runny nose are common symptoms of seasonal allergies. However, swelling prompted by an allergic reaction can progress to the throat and lungs, resulting in allergic asthma or anaphylaxis, a life-threatening disease.
Causes of Seasonal Allergies
Seasonal allergies are caused by airborne particles like pollen that only come up at specific seasons every year. Pollen from wind-pollinated plants, such as trees and grasses, are the most common cause of allergies. On the other hand, seasonal allergies are less likely to occur in the winter, but allergic rhinitis can strike at any time.
Pollen from different plants is released at different periods of the year. Therefore, take a look at the following pollen offended in every season.
- Summer. Ryegrass, timothy grass, bermuda, Johnson grass, sweet vernal
- Spring . Cedar, horse chestnut, alder, poplar, and willow.
- Winter. Nettles, sorrels, mugworts, plantains, and fat hens
Keeping Allergies Away From Your Family
Symptoms of seasonal allergies are getting extreme every year. That’s why you have to take action to beat allergies before they can even attack the household. To help you do that, here are the things you can do.
Take a Hot Shower
When you reach home, take a shower and change your clothes to eliminate the pollen from your skin. Showering helps to keep pollen from spreading to your clothes, beddings, and other objects inside your home.
Bathe in warm water for greater defense. You can clear your skin of any allergens this way. Plus, the steam from the shower will help cleanse your sinuses and provide relief.
Keep Your Bed Clean
Fungi, bacteria, and pollens are typically found on sheets, so not laundering them on a routine basis exposes you to these contaminants. In addition, allergic rhinitis, a medical condition that causes intense sneezing, inflammation, and asthma attacks, may develop due to prolonged contact with these irritants.
During allergy season, aim to wash your sheets weekly and your clothes after wear. Mattress skirts and canopies can be laundered at least twice a year. However, if you have allergies, you should wash these things every two to three months.
Flushing your nasal passages eliminates any excess mucus or allergens that may have built up inside your nose. In addition, nasal irrigation can help with nasal congestion and discomfort brought on by allergies, sinus infections, or a cold.
In some cases, the sinuses become congested as a result of an allergy. Consequently, the inflammation expands, obstructing the sinuses’ ability to drain. Bacteria can accumulate and cause a sinus infection.
If your nasal passages are rinsed with a saline solution, the saltwater will moisturize the mucous membranes that cover your sinuses and reduce inflammation.
If you can’t control your symptoms at home, going to the drugstore can be a solution. You can buy over-the-counter medications there that will help you with the symptoms you’re experiencing. Below are the allergy medications that could work for you.
These can help relieve irritation and itching caused by allergens. Runny nose and watery eyes can also be treated with antihistamines.
Decongestants help relieve nasal swelling, congestion, mucus discharge, and inflammation by calming enlarged nasal tissues. Nasal stuffiness can be relieved temporarily with oral decongestants like pseudoephedrine.
Decongestants like oxymetazoline and phenylephrine are available in nasal sprays. However, nasal decongestants should only be used for just a few days. The use of decongestant nasal sprays for an extended period can make the symptoms even worse.
Steroids, commonly known as corticosteroids, are medications that can help reduce swelling caused by allergies. They are used to manage and control sneezing and a congested, runny, or irritated nose. They’re also good for itchy, red eyes.
Over-the-counter nasal steroids include Nasacort Allergy 24HR and Flonase Allergy Relief. BuzzRX’s guide on Nasacort vs Flonase can help you define the properties of these two medications.
Combination Allergy Drugs
Some allergy drugs contain both an antihistamine and a decongestant to alleviate several allergy symptoms simultaneously. However, before using a combined allergy medication, you should speak with your doctor and ask if the medicines are compatible with each other or not.
Wear a Mask
Of course, the pandemic has made us wear masks when we go outside of our homes. Of course, the pandemic has obliged us to wear masks when we leave the house. Masks not only keep the coronavirus out of our bodies, but they also keep allergens out of our airways. Because pollen particles are larger than COVID-19 particles, the masks that are designed to guard against coronavirus can also keep you away from seasonal allergies.
Allergens can be contacted from all over the world. It’s great that we can take steps to avoid them. Now that we’re dealing with a Covid-19 that has symptoms similar to seasonal allergies, it’s more important than ever to keep our families safe from any of these.