Acne: Causes, Treatment Options, Tips and Advice

Acne (acne vulgaris) is often referred to as eels. It is a chronic very common recurrent inflammatory skin disease manifested by open or closed comedones, papules, pustules, cysts.

According to several studies  acne is found in 85% of young people aged 12-25, i.e. most teenagers.  The disease is manifested in pustules on the skin of the face and body, which can be formed at any age. Acne and hypodermic acne also cause psychological discomfort, feelings of inferiority, self-isolation, and, in severe cases, depression.

What are the different types of acne?

Outward appearances of acne are simple enough to notice – on the body (most often on the face) there appear eels. Their medical name is Comedones. There are two types of manifestation:

– Closed. These are white eels visible when the skin is stretched. The contents of such comedones are hard to squeeze.
– Open. These are black eels, the most common example being the points on the wings of the nose. From open comedones, the contents are squeezed when lightly pressed.

In some cases, it is not single points that appear, but whole hearths whose field remains scars.

Eels appear on any part of the body, but the most vulnerable are the face, neck, chest, upper back. Adhesives are formed due to clogging of the sulfur ducts, which are most common in the areas listed above.

Causes of Acne

The main causes of acne are:

  • Changes in hormone status. These include puberty, pregnancy, lactation, menopause. In addition, excessive obesity of the sebaceous glands can lead to hyperandrogenic – the high content of male sex hormones. It is caused by various disorders of the endocrine system: polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothyroidism, tumor formations.
  • Phase two of the menstrual cycle. During this period progesterone is intensively produced by the body, which contributes to the accumulation of fatty tissue and increased production of sebum. Women may develop small rashes or small pustules, which must be removed within a few days.
  • Stress and sleep disturbance. This leads to increased production of cortisol, the stress hormone, and it, in turn, activates the sebaceous glands.
  • Products with a high glycemic index (“fast carbohydrates”). These include fast food, bakeries, flour products, fried and fatty foods. Fast carbohydrates cause an increase in blood glucose and, as a result, a sharp release of insulin. This hormone increases testosterone and acne sensitivity. A number of studies show that patients who have restricted themselves to using «prohibited” products have found significant improvements in their skin condition.
  • Misuse of breast products. They contain carbohydrates and hormones, which have a negative impact on the sebaceous glands. 
  • Wrong skincare. People whose skin is prone to rashes are very sensitive to the wrong drugs. If the cream does not fit your texture (for example, too fat), it can provoke pimples.
  • What are the different types of acne?

    Comedones (black dots)

    Black dots appear when pores are clogged with dead skin cells, which are significantly darkened by oxygen. They tend to focus on the nose, chin, and forehead areas. If you have greasy skin, black dots in larger or smaller numbers will accompany you at all times. However, facial cleaning and home peeling will significantly reduce their visibility and depth.


    Papula is an inflamed pimple with no pus inside. They look like little red or brown cones. It is not worth trying to remove the papules on your own, it can lead to scarring and pigment spots. There are special dryers to remove them.


    Pustules are inflamed pustules that are bubble-shaped and have a white head in the middle. They appear when, in addition to skin fat and bacteria, dead skin cells are injected into the pore. They mainly concentrate on the face and back, and after the autopsy, they leave scars. If a lot of pustules are located on a person’s body, it is commonly called a pustule.

    Nodules and cysts

    It occurs when the skin fat accumulates in the deepest layers of the skin.  The cause is an infection, bacteria, and necrotic cells.  The face is covered not only by eels but also by large purulent inflammations. Their rod is much deeper than the usual pimples that are found in the upper layers of the skin.

    Treatment for Acne

    The removal of acne on the face and body consists of comprehensive therapy, which aims to eliminate first of all the causes of the outbreak of inflammatory fires, to normalize the production of skin fat, and to reduce the risk of recurrence of the disease. In each case, the therapy is selected individually, based not only on the results of the examination and skin type but also on the lifestyle of the factors causing the disease. In addition, it may be necessary to involve other specialists in the field: gastroenterologists, endocrinologists, etc.

    How to treat acne

  • You should use high-quality skincare.
  • The light form of the acne is well treated by external means – gels, special creams, and ointments. Cystic acne treatment & scar remover treats cystic acne, as it is made of natural ingredients that are ideal for all skin types. Once the acne has gone, it will be required to restore healthy skin color and smoothness. Acne often leaves scars and spots of hyperpigmentation that scar remover can handle.

  • Restore hormone balance.
  • The dermatologist will prescribe you the pills you need. In the medium and severe forms, local therapy is combined with drugs to be taken in. Sometimes they prescribe antibiotics that can destroy bacteria and relieve inflammation, and if the problem is hormone imbalance, hormones. A doctor should prescribe such drugs, as both antibiotics and hormones have a serious impact on the body as a whole.

  • Use of antibiotics and vitamins
  • In parallel with antibiotics, probiotics are usually prescribed that preserve the normal digestive activity of the organism. This is another reason why you should see a doctor. Only a specialist can select a complex of medicines that will suit a particular patient and ensure maximum effectiveness of treatment.

    There is no way to treat acne quickly. More precisely, quickly and effectively. To see the effect takes time (4 to 8 weeks). 

    Closing thoughts

    The disease affects between 40 and 50 million Americans, making it the most common skin disease in the United States. Therefore, the treatment of acne takes a long time. But now when you know the causes, types, and treatment options for acne treatments, you know how to work with it.