Top 10 Nobel Prize Winners in History

Since its creation, the Nobel Prize has been regarded as the highest honor in many fields, historically and in modern culture. The Nobel Prize winners also get a cash prize of 100,000 Swedish Krona. This totals over 6 million US dollars annually throughout the six categories, however, the Nobel Prize is not supported by the State or the government. So, from where do Nobel Prize recipients receive their funding? How do they manage to pay such significant amounts each year? What are the current Nobel Peace Prize odds? Who are the most illustrious Nobel Prize laureates in history? Find out by reading on!

Brief History of the Nobel Prize

The Nobel Prize is given for outstanding contributions to peace, physics, chemistry, medicine, or physiology.

The narrative has undoubtedly been told to you before, but to be sure, let’s review it. The Nobel Prize’s beginnings are even more fascinating than the annual awards. Alfred Nobel founded the Nobel Prize in the late 19th century. Nobel worked as a chemist, inventor, and scientist. He amassed wealth throughout the course of his life thanks to his 355 discoveries and patents. He created many weapons, ammunition, and explosives, but dynamite is the invention for which he is best known.

According to a 2007 article in TIME magazine, numerous newspapers mistakenly printed Alfred Nobel’s obituary after the passing of his brother Ludvig in 1888, with the headline “Le marchand de la mort est dead,” which translates to “The Merchant of Death Is Dead.” So, 8 years after this obituary, in December 1896, when Alfred Nobel passed away in Italy from a cerebral haemorrhage, his critics were shocked to learn that his will designated 94 per cent of his assets and fortune. Roughly 31 million SEK at the time—to be used to establish awards for individuals whose work in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and peace brought about the “greatest benefit to mankind.”

Top 10 Nobel Prize Winners

  • Albert Einstein
  • Who better to begin our list than arguably the most well-known scientist in global history? In 1921, Albert Einstein received the Physics Nobel Prize for figuring out what causes the “photoelectric effect.” It was a puzzling phenomenon whereby atoms release electrons when exposed to light. Einstein asserted that light was composed of discrete packets in 1905. (which we now call photons). According to his theory, when these light packets struck atoms, the electrons inside those atoms absorbed the extra energy and used it to break free from the atoms that were holding them in place.

  • Marie Curie & Co.
  • One of only two individuals in Nobel Prize history to receive honors in two distinct fields, Marie Curie was the first recipient of two prizes. She and her husband Pierre discovered radioactivity and shared the 1903 Physics Prize with Henri Becquerel. She later won the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1911 for finding and studying the characteristics of the elements polonium and radium.

  • Sir Alexander Fleming & Co. 
  • Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Chain, and Sir Howard Florey shared the 1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering penicillin.

    According to traditional knowledge, Sir Alexander discovered by chance after consuming some mouldy bread and curing himself of an infectious ailment. The finding was in fact made by chance, which is the story’s one shred of reality. The following two decades were devoted to Fleming’s research into the antibacterial properties of what he initially referred to as “mould juice” and eventually renamed “penicillin” after the genus of the fungus (Penicillium). Chain and Florey contributed by carrying out meticulous clinical studies that demonstrated penicillin’s enormous value and figured out how to purify and manufacture it in large quantities.

  • Hermann Muller
  • Hermann Muller, an American, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1946 for discovering that radiation causes mutations. Being trained as a biologist, he spent the 1920s examining how exposure to X-rays affected various creatures. In 1926, he discovered a direct connection between radiation exposure and fatal mutations. Muller devoted countless hours to spreading the terrible hazards of radiation exposure in the years that followed. In particular, in the wake of the 1945 atomic bombs of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, his work brought public attention to the health impacts of nuclear fallout when it was honoured by the Nobel Committee.

  • Watson, Crick & Wilkins
  • James Watson and Francis Crick were awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for discovering that DNA has a double helix form. Together with them, Maurice Wilkins won the award for providing some of the initial evidence in favor of their argument; he did this by mapping out the DNA molecule’s form using a process known as X-ray crystallography.

  • The Red Cross
  • The International Committee of the Red Cross has received the most Nobel Prizes of all organisations or individuals. For its work during the First and Second World Wars, it was awarded the 1917 and 1944 Nobel Peace Prizes. On the occasion of the League of Red Cross Societies’ 100th anniversary and commemorating the third Peace Prize, it was awarded in 1963. The Red Cross visited and kept an eye on the POW camps of all combatants during the world wars, coordinated aid for civilians, and oversaw sharing of information regarding hundreds of thousands of prisoners and missing people.

  • Martin Luther King Jr.
  • When the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.’s work to eradicate racial discrimination in the United States through nonviolent means was recognised in 1964, he became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize at age 35. King gave a number of well-known and significant speeches throughout his time as a leader of the civil rights movement, including his “I Have a Dream” speech, which he gave to an audience of 200,000 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial a year earlier.

  • Werner Heisenberg
  • Heisenberg won the physics award in 1932 for figuring out the fundamental ideas of quantum mechanics—the principles that control how subatomic particles behave. Quantum mechanics has fundamentally altered our understanding of reality. It leads to the so-called “uncertainty principle,” which claims that it is impossible to determine a particle’s position and velocity with absolute precision. According to this theory, all objects behave simultaneously like waves and particles, including light, electrons, and atoms.

  • Jean-Paul Sartre
  • Sartre was one of the key figures in French existentialism and Marxism in the 20th century. He was given the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature but declined it because he didn’t want to be “changed” by it and because winning the prize would mean supporting one side in the East-West cultural conflict.

  •  Mother Teresa
  • In 1950, Mother Teresa, an Indian-born Roman Catholic nun of Albanian descent, established the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India. As she oversaw the Missionaries of Charity’s slow spread across and outside of India, she spent the following 45 years providing care to the needy, ill, orphaned and dying. At the time of her passing in 1997, there were 610 missions operating in 123 nations, including soup kitchens, orphanages, schools, hospices, and homes for those suffering from HIV, leprosy, and tuberculosis. In 1979, Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. After she passed away, Pope John Paul II had her beatified or declared her a saint, and she was given the name Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.

    Who Are the Recent Nobel Prize Winners?

    Nobel Prize 2022 Winner’s List

    Physics: Alain Aspect, John F. Clauser, Anton Zeilinger

    Chemistry: Carolyn Bertozzi, Morten Meldal, Barry Sharpless

    Medicine: Svante Pääbo

    Literature: Annie Ernaux

    Peace: Ales Bialiatski, Memorial and Center for Civil Liberties.


    Nobel Prize Winners 2021

    Physics: S. Manabe, K. Hasselmann, G. Parisi.

    Chemistry: B. List, D. MacMillan

    Medicine: D. Julius, A. Patapoutian

    Literature: A. Gurnah

    Peace: M. Ressa, D. Muratov


    Physics: R. Penrose, R. Genzel, A. Ghez

    Chemistry: E. Charpentier, J. Doudna

    Medicine: H. Alter, M. Houghton, and C. Rice

    Literature: L. Gluck

    Peace: World Food Programme (WFP)

    Economic Sciences: P. Milgrom and R. Wilson

    Is It Profitable to Bet on a Nobel Prize Winner?

    The lack of data and trends you may exploit makes it challenging to profit from betting on the Nobel Prize. The good news is that the majority of online bookies and sportsbooks offer odds for winning the Nobel Peace Prize, giving you at least a general notion of the events and individuals you should be paying attention to each year. Our main piece of advice is to keep up with current affairs and Nobel Prize betting odds to determine who or what best exemplifies the values of the Nobel Peace Prize. Nobel Prize betting is one of the newest, trendiest, and most lucrative forms of online betting.

    Bottom Line

    The Nobel Prize represents the pinnacle of success in all the fields it is awarded. Every year a new bunch of scientists, literary luminaries and peace activists are deemed deserving of this prestigious honor. However, it is a highly competitive ordeal. It means there remains huge scope for betting on who will win the Nobel prize and in what domain. With proper research and a good betting website, it is possible to make some serious money by betting on Nobel Prize winners online.

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